Demonstrative pronouns, are words we use when we are referring to objects, without naming them.
In English we would use ‘this, that and that over there’, See table 1
The Portuguese Demonstrative Pronouns are different. We have the variable and the invariable. See table 1.
The invariable do not change gender or number, (pretty much like English) and they are usually used to identify objects.
O que é isto? – What is this?
O que é isso – what is that?
O que foi aquilo – What was that? (some thing heard, or seen at a distance)
When the object is identified and we want to draw attention to it we will use the variable. These are used with the noun and will change according to gender and number of the noun.
Esta casa é grande – This house is big
Estas mesas são boas – These tables are good
Este carro é meu – This car is mine
Estes livros são dela – These are her books
|English||Masculine Singular||Feminine Singular|
|that (over there)||aquele||aquela|
Below is a table that will help with orientation.
This – here (near to you) | isto – aqui
That – there (near to the person you speak to) | isso – aí
That over there (a similar distance from the both of you) | aquilo – ali
|Invariable||Adverbs of Place|
|isto – this||aqui – here|
|isso – that||aí – there|
|aquilo – that over there||ali – over there|
It can take a little getting used to, so I suggest you bookmark this page for future reference.
If you would like to learn more about the Portuguese Demonstrative Pronouns, you might like to try out the courses. Click here!
2 responses to “Demonstrative Pronouns”
Thank you for explaining this so well!
Thank you, this does help. This is something I really do struggle to remember, it is all so simple and clear in my head when looking at the work sheets etc but then it gets scrambled out in the real word of the spoken word.!